Why focus on coastal waters?
The Long Island Sound shoreline is composed of many recesses or indentations called embayments. These bays, harbors, river mouths, and coves are filled with animal and plant life, and are the places where people interact the most with Long Island Sound. From swimming, paddling and fishing to walking along its beaches, residents and visitors enjoy the edge of Long Island Sound’s waters.
Coastal waters also support seagrass meadows and tidal marshes that provide essential nurseries and foraging areas for flounder, shrimp, bay scallops and dozens of other species. Setting and meeting nitrogen limits will protect the Sound’s harbors, bays and the way of life people cherish – now, and for future generations. And studies by The Nature Conservancy show voters in coastal communities’ support taking quick action to safeguard coastal waters.
Through an Integrated Water Resource Management planning process, the Connecticut DEEP evaluated nitrogen pollution loads, ecological conditions and public values – like swimming and fishing – as well as potential for recovery across the state’s waters. Eight coastal embayments were prioritized for increased monitoring of impacts and development of nitrogen action plans to restore, manage and protect healthy coastal waters.